Tips for consuming food in a healthy and sustainable way

We must bet on sustainable growth based on the reduction of the use of resources, the reduction of waste and energy consumption, closing the economic and ecological circle of resources. Achieving sustainable production and consumption patterns are our best allies to achieve this.

Currently, 9% of the global economy is circular and the extraction and processing of raw materials is responsible for 50% of greenhouse gas emissions according to the WEF (World Economic Forum).

In this sense, it is necessary to assess the role played by agriculture in relation to climate change, since it contributes as a considerable source of greenhouse gases. In addition, it is the sector with the greatest potential to reduce them and the one that will be most affected by climate change.

Livestock products are also responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions than most other food sources. Emissions, in this case, are caused by livestock feed production, the amount of methane it generates, animal waste, and land use change. To all this, we must add that, due to population growth, the demand for meat, milk and eggs is increasing and with it their environmental footprint.

How can you have a healthier and more sustainable diet?

  • Betting on local and seasonal food: Transport is responsible for high levels of CO emissionstwo. Consuming proximity food reduces transportation and distance traveled. In addition, seasonal products are harvested at their ripening point and therefore have better flavor, higher nutritional content and their price is lower.
  • Prioritizing foods of plant origin: the environmental impact of products of animal origin is much greater than those of plant origin, since a greater amount of natural resources must be used to produce them.
  • Reducing ultra-processed foods: Some forms of processing can lead to increased levels of salt, added sugar and saturated fat, which when consumed in high quantities compromise the quality of the diet. In addition, they usually come packaged in large amounts of plastic to preserve them. It is better to choose to buy unprocessed foods in bulk, use reusable bags and bottles, or take lunch containers to the market.
  • Reducing food waste: According to the Ministry of Agriculture, in 2019, 1,352 million kg of food and beverages were thrown away. Planning the weekly menu or freezing those foods that are not going to be consumed are some of the practices that minimize waste.
  • Incorporating the circular economy: recycle paper and plastic food containers so that they can be converted into new products and encourage yourself to create homemade compost. According to the Ministry of Ecological Transition, 44% of the waste we generate is organic and we can transform it into fertilizer for plants.

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